만약

만약 means ‘if’ and is used in front of a verb or a phrase. It is used together with (으)면 to make the meaning more clear. If a sentence is really short like the ones below, you don’t necessarily have to use 만약, only if it is really long because that way the person you are talking to will know from the start that there will be an ‘if’ in your sentence.

  • Examples:

오늘 가면… / If I go today…

만약 오늘 가면… / If I go today…

  • Vocabulary:

오늘 = today

가다 = to go

You can make a sentence in the past tense as usual and then add (으)면 and also 만약 if you want to. For the future tense it’s a bit different in the sense that it’s not ~(을)ㄹ 거예요 anymore, but ~(을)ㄹ 거면.

  • Examples:

그 영화를 봤으면… / If you’ve seen the movie…

그 영화를 볼 거면… / If you’re going to watch that movie…

  • Vocabulary:

그= that

영화 = movie

보다 = to see, watch

~러/으러

러/으러 is used especially when one is going to or coming from a place in order to do something, so you can translate it as ‘to’. 러 must be used with words ending in a vowel while the other one is used with words ending in a consonant.

  • Examples:

고양이가 자러 집에 가요. / The cat goes home to sleep.

먹으러 가자. / Let’s go (to) eat.

  • Vocabulary:

자다 = to sleep

집 = house, home

가다 = to go

고양이 = cat


먹다 = to eat

러/으러 se foloseste in special cand cineva merge inspre sau vine dintr-un anumit loc pentru a face ceva, deci il puteti traduce ca “pentru a”, “sa” sau “ca sa”. 러 trebuie folosit alaturi de cuvinte ce se termina intr-o vocala iar celalalt alaturi de cuvinte ce se termina intr-o consoana.

  • Exemple:

고양이가 자러 집에 가요. / Pisica merge acasa sa doarma.

먹으러 가자. / Haide sa mergem sa mancam.

  • Vocabular:

자다 = a dormi

집 = casa, acasa

가다 = a merge

고양이 = pisica

먹다 = a manca

~(으)면

(으)면 is used to create the meaning of ‘when’ or ‘if’. You have to add it at the end of a verb or adjective. 면 is added to words ending in a vowel or the consonant ㄹ while 으면 is added to words ending in a consonant (except for ㄹ).

  •  Example:

그 여자가 가르치면 저는 한국어를 잘 배워요. / I learn Korean well if that woman teaches.

  • Vocabulary:

그 = that

여자 = woman

가르치다 = to teach

한국어 = Korean

잘 = well

배우다 = to learn