~(이)라고

You can use it when you want to use direct speech or indirect/reported speech.

  • 이라고 goes for words ending in a consonant while 라고 goes for words ending in a vowel.
  • In indirect speech, (이)라고 is usually used with words related to speaking (말하다, 이야기하다, 대답하다), but also with 하다 (in this case it means “to say/tell/talk”).

Examples:

1.Direct speech

  • 이거라고! / This is it!
  • 자동차라고. / It’s a car.

2.Indirect/reported speech

  • 이 사람이 학생이라고 말해요. / (He/She/They) say(s) this person is a student.
  • 이 사람이 ‘학생’이라고 말했어요. / This person said ‘student’.

Vocabulary:

  • 말하다 = to speak
  • 이야기하다 = to have a conversation
  • 대답하다 = to answer
  • 하다 = to do
  • 이거 = this, this thing
  • 자동차 = car
  • 사람 = person
  • 학생 = student

Read more here.