~아서/어서

They are used to conjoin related actions in order and they can be attached to verbs and adjectives.

If the last vowel is ㅗ or ㅏ you have to use ~아서. Otherwise you have to use ~어서. In the case of verbs ending with 하다 you have to add 해서.

Examples:

  • 운전해서 집에 가요. / I drive home.
  • 길을 건너서 똑바로 가세요. / Go straight across the street.
  • 서점을 지나서 100미터쯤 가세요. / Go about 100 meters past the bookstore.

Vocabulary:

  • 운전하다 = to drive
  • 집 = house, home
  • 가다 = to go
  • 길 = street
  • 건너다 = to cross (over)
  • 똑바로 = straight
  • 서점 = bookstore
  • 지나다 = to pass by, to go by
  • 미터 = meter
  • 쯤 = or so, about

This lesson was taken from this app. You should try it out!

같다

같다 is similar to 것 같다 (read about it here). There are, however, two differences between them and one of them is that 같다 is used with nouns while the other one is used with verbs. What you can use both of them for?You can use them both when you want to say that something looks or seems like something. The second difference between them is that 같다 can be also used when somebody wants to say, for example, that his/her bag is THE SAME as his/her friend’s.

  • Examples:

제 가방이 친구 가방 같아요. / My bag looks the same as my friend’s bag. / My bag is the same as my friend’s bag.

커피 같아요. / It looks like coffee. / It’s like coffee.

  • Vocabulary:

제 = my

가방 = bag

친구 = friend

커피 = coffee